Joseph, Lauren J. and Eric Anderson. (2015). “The Influence of Gender Segregation and Teamsport Experience on Occupational Discrimination in Sports-Based Employment.” Forthcoming in Journal of Gender Studies. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2015.1070712.
Abstract: This research uses 30 interviews with sport-based employers in the United Kingdom to examine how men’s teamsport participation reproduces men’s advantage in sport-related occupations during hiring for sport employment positions. Not only does formalized gender segregation in sport provide men with vital social networks less attainable to women, but teamsport competition experience, through gendered notions of what counts as ‘teamwork’, being a ‘team player’, and ‘leadership qualities’, also provides an illusory image of employment competency implicitly gendered as masculine. Results illustrate how men’s privilege of ‘teamsport hegemony’ occurs at the moment of social reproduction through expectations of social role congruity in leadership as well as how patterns of gender segregation within sport contribute to occupational segregation impeding women’s equality. We offer policy prescriptions to address the problem.
Joseph, Lauren J., Joseph Scoats and Eric Anderson. “Two Men, One Woman: Threesomes and the Erosion of the One-Time Rule of Homosexuality.” Forthcoming in Sexualities
Abstract: In this qualitative research conducted on 30 gay-friendly, heterosexual, undergraduate men, we examine actual and hypothetical experiences of sexual threesomes, both with two women and one man (FFM), and two men and one woman (MMF). We show a cultural willingness for heterosexual men to engage in not only FFM threesomes, but also MMF threesomes. We show that, only a year-and a half into their university experience, seven of our participants had at least one of the former, and five of our participants had at least one of the latter. This threesome experience is parcel to what we discuss as a cultural progression toward a more liberal, recreational culture of sexuality that encourages play and experimentation in lieu of procreative sexuality. Thus this research contributes to the growing body of literature showing that the cultural boundaries of heterosexuality is rapidly expanding for males, permitting more same-sex sexual contact without triggering the one-time-rule of homosexuality.
UNDER REVIEW (SELECTED ARTICLES)
Joseph, Lauren J. and Stephen Cranney. “Self-Esteem among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Same-Sex-Attracted Mormons and Ex-Mormons.” Under second review at Social Psychology Quarterly.
Abstract: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and same-sex-attracted (LGB/SSA) individuals in conservative religions may experience psychological distress reconciling their religious and sexual identities, yet religion may also provide existential comfort and social support. We investigated Mormon-specific religiosity and mental health among 353 LGB/SSA Mormons/ex-Mormons and found that religiously-active LGB/SSA Mormons and ex-Mormons reported similar levels of self-esteem. However, self-esteem was strongly related to attitudes toward the Mormon Church’s stance on homosexuality: LGB/SSA Mormons/ex-Mormons who either “strongly disagreed” or “strongly agreed” with the Church had high self-esteem compared to those in the middle. Testing plausible mediators with a series of seemingly unrelated regressions, we found the “strongly disagree” advantage to be wholly attributable to higher gay self-acceptance, with the “strongly agree” advantage partially attributable to higher family support. Similarly, those who left the Church had higher gay identity acceptance, but lower family support, leading to statistically equal self-esteem with practicing members of the Church.
Joseph, Lauren J, Helen M. Handy and S. Hakan Can. “Concerns About Relationships Ending Scale (CARES-SSR) for individuals contemplating whether to end same-sex romantic relationships.” Under second review at Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health.
Abstract: The present study developed a measure to identify concerns relevant to individuals contemplating whether to end their same-sex relationships. Participants included 368 same-sex-attracted individuals (194 men, 174 women) who completed an online survey to rate the importance of various concerns when deciding whether to end a romantic relationship. Exploratory factor analysis produced a 28-item Concerns About Relationships Ending Scale for Same-Sex Relationships (CARES-SSR) with five subscales: Social Harm, Legal Harm, Child Needs, Self-Doubts, and Fear of Loneliness. Individuals who estimated higher probability that they or their partners would end the present relationship reported more Self-Doubts. The CARES-SSR may be used by counselors to guide same-sex attracted individuals in troubled romantic relationships to identify their biggest concerns, locate resources to reduce these concerns, and move forward with decisions about their relationships.
Lauren Joseph, Matthew Mahler and Javier Auyero, Eds. (2007) New Perspectives in Political Ethnography. Springer Publishing.
The use of ethnographic research - social research based on the observation of individuals or institutions where the researcher becomes part of the group or very close to the group to better understand their actions - is becoming more and more of a prevalent methodology within sociology. As ethnography gains prominence within the discipline its focus, theoretical underpinnings and narrative styles are also expanding to the yet-unexamined worlds and institutions of society. Politics, political institutions, and those working in politics (state officials, politicians and activists) have so far missed the lens of the ethnographer. As a group, politicians and those in politics can be found in every corner of the world. While political systems and politicians are by no means the same in every country, what brings these people together to be part of the political process? Ethnography is uniquely equipped to look microscopically at the foundations of political institutions and their attendant set of practices, just as it is ideally suited to explain why political actors behave the way they do and to identify the causes, processes and outcomes that are part and parcel of political life. The volume, based on a special issue of "Qualitative Sociology" has a two-fold purpose: to bring politics into the ethnographic literature and of ethnography in studies of politics. The case studies included are based on the research of ethnographers studying the various level of politics in Brazil, Japan, El Salvador, Bosnia, the Philippines, India and the United States.
PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES
Joseph, Lauren J. & Pamela Black (2014). “Still Dazed and Confused: Midlife Marijuana Use by the Baby Boom Generation. ” Deviant Behavior. 35(10), 822841.
Joseph, Lauren J., Hendy, Helen. M., Can, S. Hakan., & Scherer, C. R. (2013). “University Students Leaving Relationships (USLR): Scale Development and Gender Differences in Decisions to Leave Romantic Relationships.” Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 46(3), 232242.
Joseph, Lauren J. & Pamela Black. 2012. “Who’s the Man?: Fragile Masculinities, Consumer Masculinities, and the Profiles of Sex Work Clients.” Men and Masculinities. 15(5), 506. Sage.
Schrader, Valerie Lynn, Lauren J. Joseph, & Barb Wade. “A Question of ‘Rights’ vs. ‘What is Right’: A Textual Analysis of the Anti-Defamation League’s and President Barack Obama’s Statements Regarding the Proposed Islamic Center near Ground Zero.” Ohio Communication Journal. Ohio Communication Association. 50, 49-71.
(2008) Joseph, Lauren J. “Finding Space Beyond Variables: An Analytical Review of Urban Space and Social Inequalities.” Spaces of Difference, 1 (2): 58-79.
(2008) Wosick-Correa, Kassia & Lauren Joseph. “Sexy Ladies Sexing Ladies: Women as Consumers in Strip Clubs.” The Journal of Sex Research, 45 (3): 201-217.
With Javier Auyero (2007) “Introduction: Politics under the Ethnographic Microscope.” New Perspectives in Political Ethnography. New York: Springer Publishing.
(2012) Review of The Beach Beneath the Streets: Contesting New York City’s Public Spaces by Benjamin Shepard & Greg Smith. Mobilization, 17(2): 222-224.
(2006) Review of “Fatherhood Politics in the U.S.” Men and Masculinities, 8: 528-530
(2005) Review of “Pledged: The Secret Life of Sororities.” Gender and Society, 19: 567-568.
(2005) “Young, Isolated and Black: Review of ‘The Minds of Marginalized Black Men.’” Contexts, 4: 59-60.
SELECTED WORKS IN PROGRESS
Joseph, Lauren J., Charles Law and Helen M. Hendy. “‘True Blue’ or Gone: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Same-Sex-Attracted Mormons and Beliefs about Themselves, Their Families, and their Church.”
Abstract: Individuals who self-identify as both Mormon and lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB) or same-sex attracted (SSA) face an identity conflict because of their church's denouncement of homosexuality. Many LGB and SSA Mormons respond by leaving the Mormon Church or reducing association, while others stay active and faithful members. The present study compared Mormons who identify as LGB or SSA within three church participation statuses (active, inactive, left the church) in their beliefs about themselves, their families, and their church. To provide a psychometrically-sound measure of beliefs about the Mormon Church as an institution and its congregational members with respect to attitudes on sexuality and the potential for social change, the present study also developed a new Gay and Mormon Scale (GAMS). Participants included a nationwide sample of 411 Mormons and ex-Mormons who identified their sexual orientation as gay/lesbian (GL), bisexual (BI), or same-sex-attracted (SSA; individuals who acknowledge their same-gender attraction but do not identify as LGB). Participants completed online surveys to provide demographic information and beliefs about themselves (Gay Identity Acceptance), beliefs about their families and family relationships (Family Support), and beliefs about their church (measured with the three GAMS subscales: Support of Church Doctrine, Church is Changing, Members Accept Gays). Results revealed that sexual minority Mormon s who remain active in the church report less Gay Self-Acceptance and were more likely to identify as SSA rather than gay, lesbian, or bisexual. LGB and SSA Mormons who remained active in the church also reported stronger beliefs of Family Support, Support of Church Doctrine, Church is Changing, and Members Accept Gays. LGB and SSA individuals who remained active in the Mormon Church held more optimistic and positive beliefs about family, about the Church’s acceptance of sexual minorities, and about the potential for social change within their church. This optimism and belief in change may be one way that LGB and SSA active Mormons resolve the identity conflict between their sexual orientation and church membership, allowing them to identify as both “True Blue Mormons” (or “True Believing Mormons”) and LGB or SSA at the same time.
Joseph, Lauren J. and Stephen Cranney. “My Husband’s Not Gay, He’s SSA: Correlates of SSA-Not-Gay Identification in a Sample of Individuals with Same-Sex Attraction from a Mormon Background.”
Joseph, Lauren J., Helen M. Hendy and Salih H. Can. “Sexual Minority Stressors, Negative Outcomes Associated, and Possible Coping Behaviors.”
Joseph, Lauren J. “Doing Apolitics, Demurring Activists, and Doing Activism in LGBT Pride Organizations: Living with the Messy Meanings of Politics and Activism.”
Joseph, Lauren J. “Coming Out… of the Church: A Case Study of Mormon Mothers of Gay and Lesbian Children and Strategies of Everyday Activism.”
Joseph, Lauren J. and Katherine McFarland Bruce. “LGBT Pride and External Institutionalization: Mobilizing Resources, Culture and Symbolic Capital in Urban Contexts.”